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|[ Article ]|
|International Journal of Martial Arts - Vol. 7, pp. 65-78|
|ISSN: 2287-8599 (Online)|
|Online publication date 05 Nov 2021|
|Received 31 May 2021 Accepted 26 Oct 2021|
|Shoulder muscles and joints loads variation during the Taekwondo punch (Jirugi): Musculoskeletal modeling|
Hamidreza Barnameheia ; Farhad Tabatabai Ghomshehb
|aGene and Linda Voiland School of Chemical and Bioengineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6515, USA|
|aDepartment of Integrative Physiology and Neuroscience, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, USA|
|a,bDepartment of Biomedical Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran|
|bDepartment of Ergonomics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran|
|Correspondence to : a Address: 1630 NE Valley Rd. Apt Q 102, pullman, WA, 99163, USA Email of corresponding author: email@example.com|
Taekwondo punch (Jirugi) is a basic technique that includes various aspects of motion. The objectives of the current study were to simulate the Jirugi by a musculoskeletal model in order to examine the kinematics variables, joints, and muscle forces. The EMG cannot record deep muscle activation during the Jirugi. 20 elite taekwondo black belt players participated in this study. Marker trajectories of bony land markers were recorded via 10 high-speed motion captures during the Jirugi. The shoulder musculoskeletal model was used to simulation the Jirugi motion. The musculoskeletal model consists of 5 segments, 10 degrees of freedom, and 26 muscle-tendon units. The Inverse kinematic tools were utilized to estimate the kinematics variables of the Jirugi. In order to calculate the muscle forces, the statics optimization method was used. Finally, joint reaction analysis via the equation of motion was examined. Results indicated peak elbow and shoulder angular velocities were happened before contact, although results indicated rotation angular velocity was higher than extension-flexion angular velocity. All muscle forces and joint reaction forces represented higher forces before contact. Based on our results, peak angular velocity of the punch observed in the longitudinal axis (arm and forearm rotation), while peak angular velocity of the elbow was higher than the shoulder, suggesting angular velocity transfer from proximal to distal segments. The results of this study are useful for athletes, coaches, and sports medicine to increase skill level and injury prevention.
|Keywords: musculoskeletal model, simulation, shoulder, muscle force, joint force, taekwondo
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