Current Issue

International Journal of Martial Arts - Vol. 7

[ Article ]
International Journal of Martial Arts - Vol. 7, pp.48-64
Abbreviation: injoma
ISSN: 2287-8599 (Online)
Online publication date 12 Oct 2021
Received 28 Jul 2021 Accepted 24 Sep 2021

Effects of Chan-Chuang on Physical and Mental Health: A Literature Review
Tao Jiang ; Hansen Lia ; Xue Donga ; Guodong Zhanga, *
aInstitute of Sport Science, College of Physical Education, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China

Correspondence to : a. Guodong Zhang, Email:


Chan-Chuang is a traditional Chinese mindfulness training, which has becoming an emerging method to improve public health. As yet, a range of studies have been conducted to reveal the effects of Chan-Chuang, and potential metal and physical benefits have been identified. This essay aimed to make a comprehensive review on health benefits of Chan-Chuang and bring practical indications for complementary therapy. A systematic searching was performed via databases including CNKI (in Chinese), Weipu (in Chinese), Wanfang (Chinese), Baidu Academic (Chinese) and Web of Science. There are 297 articles in total and 46 articles were finally included. Results suggested that Chan-Chuang may contribut to brain synchronization, reducing spinal pain, and protecting knee joints. Psychologically, Chan-Chuang may also promote cognitional and emotional state.

Keywords: Chan Chuang, Intervention, Physical and Mental Health, Mechanism

1. Chen C.H.,Hung K.S.,Chung Y.C.,Yeh M.L. (2019). Mind-body Interactive Qigong Improves Physical and Mental Aspects of Quality of Life in Inpatients with Stroke: A Randomized Control Study, European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing : Journal of the Working Group on Cardiovascular Nursing of the European Society of Cardiology,vol8,pp.18.
2. Chen J. (2016). The Influence of the Chan Chuang of Sanyuan Guiding Station on the Physical Fitness of Middle-aged and Old People, Joural of Sport,vol.05,pp.155-156+105;doi:CNKI:SUN:YDAA.0.2016-05-085.
3. Chuang T.Y.,Yeh M.L.,Chung Y.C. (2017). A Nurse Facilitated Mind-Body Interactive Exercise (Chan-Chuang Qigong) Improves the Health Status of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Patients Receiving Chemotherapy: Randomised Controlled Trial,International, Journal of Nursing Studies, vol.25,pp.69.
4. Dai A.Y. (2019). Research on the Influence of Taijiquan Intervention on Selective Attention and Continuous Attention. Thesis, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China.
5. Fang C. (2014). Study on the intervention of health pile on mild to moderate hypertension,. Thesis, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China.
6. Du Y.,Wang L.,Zhang X.L.,Liu B.G.,Dai J.,Wu H.L.,Hu H.Y.,Liu H.Y. (2019). Control Study of Exercise'influence on Depression's Symptom,Cognitive Function and GABA, Journal of Chinese General Practice,vol.17,no.09,pp.1547-1550;doi:10.16766/j.cnki.issn.1674-4152.000994.
7. Duan T.J. (2008). Research on the Value and Role of Traditional Wushu’s Zhuanggong, Thesis, Henan University, Henan, China.
8. Guo Y. (2019). The Physiological and Gene Expression Mechanisms of the "Heart-adjusting" Effect of the Three-Circle-Standing Power to Relieve Depression, Thesis, Chinese Medicine University, China.
9. Guo S.J. (2019). Effect of Health Qigong Ba Duan Jin on Cognitive Function and Negative Emotion of Patients with Brain Injury during Rehabilitation,Chinese Society of Sports Science: Compilation of abstracts of the 11th National Sports Science Conference, Chinese Sports Science Society,pp.3817-3818.
10. Hu W.M.,Lu w.,Cai Y.J.,Liang Y.Q.,Ding Y.Y. (2019). Clinical Study on Treatment of Senile Knee Osteoarthritis with Acupuncture and Sequential Station Stake Guidance Training, Journal of Henan Traditional Chinese Medicine,vol.39,no.06,pp.927-931;doi:10.16367/j.issn.1003-5028.2019.06.0230.
11. Jiang L. (2009). Research on Chan Chuang Promoting the Recovery of Basketball Players' Knee Joint Injury, Thesis, Henan University, China.
12. Lee R.Y. (2014). Advocating boxing with aspirations, wanting to go back to the beginning-inheriting Wang Xiangzhai's legacy professor, Journal of Fighting Martial Arts Science,vol.05,pp.33-36.
13. Lee T.I.,Chen H.H.,Yeh M.L. (2006). Effects of Chan-Chuang Qigong on Improving Symptom and Psychological Distress in Chemotherapy Patients, The American Journal of Chinese Medicine,34(1), pp. 37-46.
14. Liang C.J.,Zhang X.M. (2017). Research on Breathing Regulation of Health Chan Chuang Qigong, Joural of Chinese School Sports (Higher Education),vol.12,pp.80-86.
15. Liang Y.H.,Feng Y.H. (2019). Studies on the Effects of Exercise Doses on Cardiovascular Health among the General Population, Journal of Sports Science Literature Bulletin,vol.27,no.02,pp.19-22+54.
16. Liang Z.S. (2010). Patients with hypertension can practice standing skills, Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Knowledge,vol.02,pp.31;doi: CNKI:SUN:XXGF.0.2010-02-013.
17. Lin J.S. (2012). Study on the Dose-effect Relationship of Exercise Intervention to Improve the Cardiopulmonary Endurance of 40-49-year-old Men, Thesis, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China.
18. Lin J.S. (2016). Study on the improvement effect of different doses of exercise intervention on cardiac function, Sports Physiology and Biochemistry Branch of Chinese Sports Science Association. The 4th (2016) National Conference on Exercise Physiology and Biochemistry-Compilation of Abstracts of Papers on Exercise, Physique and Health, Sports Physiology and Biochemistry Branch of Chinese Sports Science Society: Chinese Sports Science Society,pp.263.
19. Liu X.L. (1996). A Preliminary Study on the Physiological Mechanism of Taiji Zhanzhuang, Journal of Fujian Sports Technology,vol.04,pp.20-21+37;doi:CNKI:SUN:FUJI.0.1996-04-006.
20. Lv J.X. (2019). Analyzing the "Heart Adjustment" Effect of Right-handed College Students' Standing Stake Exercises Based on the Alpha Band EEG Power, Chinese Medical Qigong Society. Proceedings of the 6th Member Congress and Academic Annual Meeting of the Chinese Medical Qigong Society,Chinese Medical Qigong Society: Chinese Medical Qigong Society,vol.196-203.
21. Lu W.H.,Chen J. (2013). Theory Study on the Fitness Effect of the Three - Circles Guidance Station Pile to the Old People, Journal of Fujian Sports Technology,vol.32,no.01,pp.18-19+23;doi:CNKI:SUN:FUJI.0.2013-01-007.
22. Lv J.X. (2018). Analysis of the effect of standing stance on the mental and physical balance of college students with unbalanced spine, Thesis, Chinese Medicine University, Beijing, China.
23. Ma J.G. (2011). Brain Mechanism Experimental Research on Zhanzhaung of Yiquan’s Function of Improving Emotion and Executive Control(New Infrared Spectroscopy), Thesis, Capital University of Physical Education And Sports, Beijing, China.
24. Meng Q.W. (2017). The Impact of Different Zhan Zhuang Postures Beginners of Nei Jin Yi Zhi cChan on the Activity of Lower-limb Muscles, Thesis, Soochow University, Suzhou, China.
25. Mo Y.Y. (2019). Aerobic Exercise and Sleep Quality: the Mediating Role of Emotions, Thesis, Guangxi University, Guangxi, China.
26. Qin Y.X. (1989). Effective Ways to Improve the Confrontation Ability of Basketball Players-Chan Chuang, Journal of Sports and Science,vol.05,pp.41-42;doi:CNKI:SUN:TYYK.0.1989-05-016.
27. Shan C.L.,Li J.A.,Zhou S.F.,Yuan X.L. (2003). The Influence of Mind-entering Thoughts on EEG Topographic Map, Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine,vol.10,pp.25-27;doi:CNKI:SUN:ZGKF.0.2003-10-011.
28. Tu P.,Liao Y.P. (2014). Effect of Wuqinxi and Zhanzhuang on Knee Flexor and Extensor Strength and WOMAC Scores of Female Patients with KOA, Journal of Chengdu Sport University,vol,40,no.06,pp.68-71+84;doi:10.15942/j.jcsu.2014.06.001.
29. Wang W.K.,Chen S.J. (2017). Acupuncture Combined with Standing Stake Excerise in the Treatment of Early Stage Knee Osteoarthritis for 30 Cases, Journal of Modern Distance Education of Chinese Medicine,vol.15,no.19,pp.123-125;doi:CNKI:SUN:ZZYY.0.2017-19-057.
30. Wen Y.J. (2016). Observation on the Therapeutic Effect of Yiqi Anshen Decoction Combined with Chan Chuang in Treating Insomnia with Deficiency, Thesis, Chinese Medicine University, Beijing, China.
31. Wu D.,Xiong K.Y.,Song Y. (2012). Electromyography Analysis of Santishi of Ying Yie, Journal of Beijing Sport University,vol.35,no.04,pp.65-69+73;doi:10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2012.04.014.
32. Wu Y.G. (2019). The Effect of Aerobic Exercise Intervention on the Cognitive Function of Hospitalized Patients with Depression, Thesis, Northeast Normal University, Jilin, China.
33. Yang S.H.,Yang Q.F.,Shi J.M.,Cao Y. (1994). Observation on the Changes of the EEG Spectrum of the Chan Chuang Practitioners. Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine.vol.11,pp.643-646;doi:CNKI:SUN:ZZXJ.0.1994-11-000.
34. Yan J. (2016). Progress in clinical research on station pile work in the past 40 years,Chinese Medical Qigong Society. Proceedings of the 2016 Academic Annual Meeting of the Chinese Medical Qigong Society,pp.245-248.
35. Yan J. (2019). Application of Heart Rate Variability to Analyze the Physiological Mechanism of Three-Circle Stance to Improve the Anxiety State of College Students, Thesis, Chinese Medicine University, Beijing, China.
36. Yan J.,Qu X.H.,Wei Z.R.,Zhang J.L.,Wei Y.L. (2019). Effects of Three-circle Pole-standing Qigong on Heart Rate Variability in College Students with Anxiety, Journal of Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine,vol.42,no.07,pp.555-559;doi:CNKI:SUN:JZYB.0.2019-07-006.
37. Yeh M.L.,Chung Y.C. (2016). A Randomized Controlled Trial of Qigong on Fatigue and Sleep Quality for Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy,European Journal of Oncology Nursing, pp.23.
38. Zhao X.Y. (2015). Electromyography Analysis of Zheng’s Santishi and Station Pile Against the Wall, Thesis, Chengdu Institute of Physical Education, Chengdu, China.
39. Zhang A.M.,Sun S.L.,Bao Q.Z.,Zhang J.Z. (2009). Clinical Observation on the Treatment of Knee Joint Osteoarthritis by Combination of Low Standing Post and Manual Massage, Journal of Hebei Traditional Chinese Medicine,vol.31,no.07,pp.994-995;doi:CNKI:SUN:HBZY.0.2009-07-026.
40. Zhang R.L.,Wang H.X.,Li Q.X. (1984). The effect of Zhanzhuang on Blood Pressure, Cerebral Blood Flow Graph, Lower Limb Blood Flow Graph and Electrocardiogram, Journal of Xinxiang Medical College,vol.01,pp.63-65+62;doi:CNKI:SUN:XXYX.0.1984-01-013.
41. Zhang S.H. (1988). Preliminary Study on the Treatment of Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniation with Songjing Station Piling, Chinese Journal of Primary Health Care,1988; doi:CNKI:SUN:ZGCW.0.1988-04-027.
42. Zhang X.J. (2018). Investigation on Depression, Anxiety and Sleep Status of Undergraduates and Research on the Intervention Effect of Chan Chuang, Thesis, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.
43. Zhang Z.G.,Zhao T.,Wu S.P.,Yang X.T. (2012). Clinical Study on the Prevention and Treatment of Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniation by Chiropractic with Chan Chuang Pillar, Journal of Chinese Medicine News,vol.27,no.07,pp.908-909; doi:10.16368/j.issn.1674-8999.2012.07.019.
44. Zheng R.X.,Wang Y.Z.,Zhou X.S.,Yeh M.L. (2018). The effect of Zhan Zhuang Qigong on improving exercise endurance, depression and superior quality of patients with heart failure, Journal of nursing Studise,pp.34-44.
45. Zhou P. (2015). A Study on the Effectiveness of Chinese’s Traditional Standing Exercise on University Student’s Physique, Thesis, Capital University of Physical Education, Beijing, China.
46. Zhou X.Z.,Zhang Z.X.,Cui H.J.,Zhang Y.,Li C.R.,Study on the Change of Surface Electromyography Variation ofCore Muscles by Standing Qigong, Journal of Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine,vol.20,no.11,pp.66-69;doi:10.13194/j.issn.1673-842x.2018.11.018.